Are you a writer that has been experiencing writer’s block? Here we provide the most common causes and how you can combat them.Continue Reading “15 Of the Most Common Causes Of Writer’s Block – And How To Overcome It?”
It is estimated that at least 2.4% of the world’s population suffers from creativity and mental illness. However, in arts-related circles, this percentage tends to increase markedly.Continue Reading “Creativity and Mental Illness, Bipolar Disorder and the Arts”
Creativity is the ability to imagine or invent something new. We are all creative beings, but many of us have forgotten this habit due to excessive rational thinking when solving problems. Here are some creativity techniques and tools.
- Extraction of ideas from other disciplines
- Think of opposites
- Focus on the absurd
- Reframe the question
- Stop thinking, give yourself a break
- Related worlds
- Future Memory
- From the Impossible to the Possible
- What if? (Assumption Reversal)
Most creative people generate new ideas from the combination or modification of existing ideas, and, above all, they are aware that they can continuously improve ideas.
Creativity Tools and Techniques
There are a series of creativity tools for generating new ideas, they are:
Extraction Of Ideas From Other Disciplines:
Applying a new perspective on a different profession or discipline can stimulate discoveries.
Think Of Opposites:
Thinking about simultaneous opposites turns the topic into a paradox that can help you find a helpful analogy.
Look For Analogies:
You probably have several areas of expertise that you underestimate. Apply the experience you have in a specific field to another diametrically different field.
Focus On The Absurd:
Focusing on the absurd helps us discover new ideas. What do most people in your field think would be impossible? Is it that way? Or is it just complicated?
Reframe The Question:
We often do not find an adequate solution to our questions because they are formulated inadequately. We need to find the right question, and only then can we try to find the answer. Rethinking a new way of asking generates new ideas that can make it possible to find the solution.
Stop Thinking, Give Yourself A Break:
As a friend of mine says, “go to the box out of nowhere.” This is precisely why your creativity increases. When you stop squatting your mind every day, you make room for the new.
Currents of the “mindfulness” type promote mindfulness as a source of increased creativity and innovation. To stop, meditation techniques can help you enormously, but also take a walk in nature. The key is to seek some peace of mind and a disconnect with your emotions.
Other More Formal Methods
If you are not clear about the idea on which you want to start a business. Prepare a creativity session with your team and invite other experts in the sector or potential consumers of the idea to provide valuable insight. Select one of the various commented ideation techniques and assess the results obtained. There are endless creativity tools, such as:
It is a creativity tool that encourages ideas about a specific topic or problem.
It allows discovering different approaches thanks to thinking about how the same problem would be solved in different sectors or worlds.
It helps to visualize the reality that you want to attract into your life. Organize the ideas and help you establish the first steps. It seems silly, but it is creativity tools that work.
From the Impossible to the Possible:
Encouraging the generation of ideas about a particular issue or problem by visualizing the situation from different perspectives causes new alternative solutions.
What if? (Assumption Reversal):
Allows you to question the status quo (that is, the state of affairs at the moment) to get a new perspective on the problem or need.
The confessional poet Sylvia Plath, born in the United States in 1932, undoubtedly had a fascinating life and work. Here is The Sylvia Plath Effect what you should know about creative writing and mental health.Continue Reading “The Sylvia Plath Effect: Mental Illness in Eminent Creative Writers”
It sounds easy, and it isn’t complicated. These sleep and creativity habits make our rest restful, and our brain starts to solve problems creatively.Continue Reading “The Creativity Hack You Can Do in Your Sleep”
When emotions do not flow, a mental block occurs, and vice versa. Here is how to break through a mental block.
- Various life occurences can cause a mental block
- We need to approach a mental block to unblock it properly
- A mental block is an incubation effect in the stages of creativity
The four essential difficulties that cause mental and emotional blockage and the four essential tools to get out of it
Before the first meeting with a person who begins his psychological therapy, I always feel with great responsibility that my work aims to contribute to change something in his life, in the way of thinking and feeling that is causing him suffering.
And it is in that thought, questions arise, such as: How long has this person been affected? What internal and external factors influenced the beginning of this situation? What factors influence now? What qualities are your main strengths? What are the main vulnerabilities that make the problem persist? What are your most important support figures? And the places and contexts in which you feel most comfortable? Is this person on a mental block or an emotional block?
How Is Mental Block and Emotional Block Related?
A term used frequently is that of mental block: I was blocked, blank, did not know what to say. I would have liked to tell him what I thought at the time, but I froze. In the most critical moments, those mental blocks come to me. Tomorrow I have an exam. I hope I don’t have a mental block. But what is the relationship between this kind of stoppage of the mind, this inability to give an adequate response to a situation, and the emotional blockage?
The mental block is undoubtedly related to emotions. Behind this lack of fluidity in the speech of thoughts, there is an apparent difficulty in recognizing, expressing, and regulating emotions. The mental block is the expression of the emotional block, and emotional release techniques help the symptoms of mental blocks, such as anxiety, disappear.
Emotions and thoughts once again interact. They do so in both directions; sometimes, emotions are the triggers and other thoughts; we know that by managing both, we can overcome the mental and emotional blocks. Today we are going to talk about how to achieve it. And the first thing to do is to understand that these blocks are initially a defence mechanism.
How to Break Through a Mental Block
The four essential difficulties that cause mental and emotional blockage and the four essential tools to get out of it.
1. Difficulty (level 1): Emotional closure. Solution: Emotional Openness
- I don’t know what I feel, and I’m not particularly interested in knowing.
Stopping to think about what I feel makes me even worse and will not solve the situation. I prefer not to think and not give importance to what I feel because if I did, my life would be turned upside down.
Faced with this difficulty, it is essential to become aware that a part of our happiness depends on our ability to let ourselves feel; we must release both pleasant and unpleasant emotions. We will have to learn to accept, face, and learn from what happened from the unpleasant.
Of the pleasant ones, we will have to stop, attend, savour, and give them the meaning they deserve in our lives. We should not be afraid to be open to what we feel: letting ourselves feel is a first step that does not necessarily imply a drastic change in our lives.
2. Difficulty (level 2): Little Emotional Language. Solution: Vocabulary of Emotions
- I do not know what exact name to put to what I feel, even if I try. It’s like. I don’t know, and I don’t know how to express it
When talking about emotions is striking, the relief we feel is that we abandon the limited vocabulary of “good or bad.” When I am emotionally blocked, immobile in that blockage, if instead of saying: “I feel bad,” I can say: I feel “disappointed,” or “betrayed,” or “alone,” or “anxious” something begins to change? Naming the emotion relieves us because it suggests the proper process of change and adaptation.
3. Difficulty (level 3): Denial or emotional suppression. Solution: Emotional Acceptance
- I am too young to feel this way.
- I’m old enough to feel that.
- Feeling this doesn’t help me.
- I should not feel anger towards a person I love.
- I feel ashamed for feeling vulnerable.
All these affirmations could ideally emerge from the thinking of people who live within an emotional blockage, produced by the process of denial of their feelings.
I propose an exercise to break this process of denial: Think about everything that a person is supposed to “not” feel, or at least “should not feel in some situations”: envy, anger, sadness, fragility, indecision, and next, become aware that people do not choose what we feel, we feel it, and those feelings always have an explanation.
So it is not true that “I should not” feel certain things, but quite the opposite: It is normal to feel the way I feel because although it sometimes seems otherwise, feelings always have an explanation.
Detecting what I feel and understanding that it is normal to feel it arriving at that explanation is necessary to get out of the block that denial produces and break these mental barriers.
“The problem is not to stumble but to become fond of the stone.” Similarly, the problem is not detecting that I feel sadness, anger, jealousy, but denying it and becoming fond of the dissatisfaction it produces in me, not resolving what I continue to deny.
4. Difficulty (Level 4): Errors In Emotional Analysis and Their Subsequent Response. Solution: Good Emotional Analysis and Consistent Response.
- I feel continually anxious, and I know that my job is the main problem, but I cannot stop working or change companies; what can I do?
I feel pretty lonely since my marriage broke up. My friends and family, each one has his life, and I find myself lost for the first time in many years without knowing how to solve it.
Using another example, complicated but quite frequent, let’s analyze this situation: “I am disillusioned with my whole life; I don’t see any meaning in anything.”
All emotions have a message, but that message is not always valid, or at least, that message is not always totally accurate. There is a part of it that can be a “false alarm.” What part of the true message and what part of the false alarm is hidden in each of the above emotional statements?
Let’s look at the last example.
If you feel disappointed in your whole life, this emotion asks you to “take a look” because it is not much of what you expected your life to be. This involves accepting the loss of what you will no longer achieve and starting with some changes to achieve what you can still achieve.
It seems that you need some changes in your life, and with those changes, start dedicating your day-to-day to what connects your life goals with your values.
The appropriate response to analysis:
Since it is a true message, until we begin these changes, that feeling of disappointment will not fade, and we will continue to feel in that state of emotional blockage.
Although we sometimes feel as real, that nothing in our life is worth it, that everything disappoints us, it is difficult for this to be the case. There are always aspects of oneself, others, and life that we can appreciate and be proud of. Since it is probably a false alarm, making a drastic break with all current life would lead to feelings of sadness in the medium term for having banished valuable people and contexts from our side.
Even if we feel that nothing has value in our life at any time, little by little, we will have to continue this analysis, differentiating what we want to change, what we cannot change, and what we want to maintain.
A mental and emotional blockage is nothing more than a great wake-up call from our body that carries a great message:
Stop at once! Put off your usual priorities to solve this emotional conundrum. The reward: improve your personal, work, and partner functioning, and achieve a higher quality in your social relationships and your well-being. After reading the above, I hope that you can understand your mental and emotional blockage as an opportunity, a necessary turning point to turn towards your well-being
The group’s vision is to nurture the links between creativity and innovation at the interface of consumers, the creative industries, cultural institutions, research, education and the public sectors:
- It will promote the importance of creativity and the creative industriesand the impact they have on other sectors among European institutions as well as at local and regional level.
- The group provides advice to European and local policy makers and acts as a knowledge hub – connecting interests, experts and initiatives across Europe.
- Participants will be enabled to create synergies between their activities and interests in Brussels. They will be able to speak with a more powerful and unified voice, make joint consultations submissions and prepare joint project proposals.
- The network could also be used to disseminate the results of several creative industries related project results and create links between different initiatives.
” Brian Wilson is a genius ” is a tagline created by English journalist Derek Taylor in 1966, who was then employed as a publicist for American rock band The Beach Boys . It was share of a larger campaign designed to update the band’s antiquated surfing picture and Promote Brian Wilson ‘s then-unheralded reputation as the “genius” of the group. This promotion coincided with the Pet Soundsalbum (May 1966), ” Good Vibrations ” single (October 1966), and Smile sessions ( abandoned in 1967 ). By the end of 1966, NMEWilson was the fourth-ranked “World Music Personality” – 1,000 votes ahead of Bob Dylan and 500 behind John Lennon . The campaign is most importantly, and is credited with one of the contributing factors in Wilson’s decline. Continue Reading “Brian Wilson is a genius”
Williams’ taxonomy is a hierarchical arrangement of eight creative thinking skills conceived, developed, and researched by Frank E. Williams, a researcher in educational psychology .  The taxonomy forms the basis of a differentiated instruction curriculum model used with gifted students and gifted education . Continue Reading “Williams’ taxonomy”
The use of impalement in myth, art, and literature includes mythical representations of a method of execution and other uses in paintings, sculptures, and the like, folklore and other tales in which impalement is related to magical or supernatural properties, and the use of simulated impalement for the purposes of entertainment. Continue Reading “Impalement in myth and art”
The Remote Associates Test ( RAT ) is a creativity test used to determine a human’s creative potential. The test typically lasts forty minutes and consists of thirty to forty-four questions in which each of these three common stimuli is considered to be unrelated. The person being tested must think of a word that is somehow related to each of the first three words.  Scores are calculated based on the correct questions. Continue Reading “Remote Associates Test”
This paper presents a conceptual and conceptual approach to understanding indirect and creative approaches, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that can be obtained by using traditional step-by-step logic .  The term was promulgated in 1967 by Edward de Bono . He cites as an example the Judgment of Solomon , where King Solomon resolves a dispute over the parenting of a child by calling for the child to be cut in half, and making his judgment according to the reactions that this order receives.  Continue Reading “Lateral thinking”
Latent inhibition is a technical term used in classical conditioning to refer to the observation that a familiar stimulus takes a longer stimulus than a new stimulus.  The term “latent inhibition” dates back to Lubow and Moore. The effect is “latent” in that it is not exhibited in the pre-exposure phase stimulus, but rather in the subsequent test phase. “Inhibition”, here, simply connotes that the effect is expressed in terms of relatively poor learning. The LI effect is extremely robust, appearing in all mammalian species that have been tested, and thus, have been reported to be highly adaptive. Continue Reading “Latent inhibition”
Incubation is one of the four proposed stages of creativity , which are preparation, incubation, illumination, and verification.  Incubation is defined as a process of unconscious recombination of thought Elements That Were stimulated through conscious work at one spot in time, resulting and in novel ideas at Some Point later in time.  Incubation is related to intuition and insightin which it is the unconscious part of an intuition process can become validated as an insight. Incubation substantially increases the chances of solving a problem, and benefits from long incubation periods with low cognitive workloads.  Continue Reading “Incubation (psychology)”
In psychology , fluid and crystallized intelligence (abbreviated respectivement G f and G c ) are factors of general intelligence , Originally APPROBATION by Raymond Cattell .  Concepts of fluid and crystallized intelligence by Cattell’s student, John L. Horn . Continue Reading “Fluid and crystallized intelligence”
In positive psychology , flow , also known as the area , is the mental state of operation in which a person performs an activity is fully immersed in a feeling of energized focus, full involvement, and enjoyment in the process of the activity. In essence, it is characterized by complete absorption in one, and in the case of space and time. Continue Reading “Flow (psychology)”
The Ministry of Stories is a non-profit organization in East London dedicated to helping children and young adults develop their skills and to help teachers inspire their students to write. Continue Reading “Ministry of Stories”
Ellis Paul Torrance (October 8, 1915  – July 12, 2003) was an American psychologist from Milledgeville, Georgia . Continue Reading “Ellis Paul Torrance”
The Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking is a test of creativity . Continue Reading “Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking”
The Sylvia Plath effect is the phenomenon That poets are more susceptible to mental illness than other creative writers. The term was coined in 2001 by psychologist James C. Kaufman . Although many studies (eg, Andreasen, 1987, Jamison, 1989, Ludwig, 1995) have demonstrated that creative writers are prone to experience mental illness, this relationship has not been examined in depth. This paper presents the results of the “Sylvia Plath effect”, and implications for future research. Kaufman’s work is more important than female poets are more likely to experience mental illness than any other class of writers. In addition, female poets were more likely to be mentally ill than other eminent women, such as politicians, actresses, and artists.   Continue Reading “Sylvia Plath effect”
Writers of the Future ( WOTF ) is a science fiction and fantasy story that was established by L. Ron Hubbard in the early 1980s. A sister contest, Illustrators of the Future, presents awards for science fiction art. Hubbard characterized the contest as a way of “giving back” to the field that had defined his professional writing life. The contest has no entry fee and is the highest-paying contest for amateur science fiction and fantasy writers. Notable past winners of WOTF include Stephen Baxter , Karen Joy Fowler , Alan Gardner James , Nina Kiriki Hoffman , Jay Lake, Michael H. Payne , Patrick Rothfuss , Robert Reed , Dean Wesley Smith , Sean Williams , Dave Wolverton , Nancy Farmer , and David Zindell .  The winning stories are published in the yearly anthology L. Ron Hubbard Presents Writers of Future .  The contest enjoys a favorable reputation in the science fiction community, yet its connection with the Church of Scientology has caused some controversy. Continue Reading “Writers of the Future”
The Swanwick Writers ‘Summer School is an annual writers’ conference held at The Hayes Conference Center , near Swanwick, Derbyshire. Founded in 1948, and first held in the summer of 1949, it is believed to be the oldest independent writers’ school in the world. Established as a charity and run by the London Writers Circle. Early celebrities included in the School included, Vera Brittain , LP Hartley , Hammond Innes, and Arthur C. Clarke [1 ] The first chairman was Cecil Hunt , a chairman of the London Writers’ Circle. Early delegates included the nominee booker prize,Barbara Pym , No Background Return of Love, is inspired, in part, by Swanwick itself.   Associated with the school for over fifteen years, Winner Paul Scott . He refers to the role Swanwick plays in creative writing in his published essays.   Continue Reading “Swanwick writers’ summer school”
Turkey City Writer’s Workshop is a peer-to-peer, professional science fiction writer’s workshop in Texas. Milford Writer’s Workshop . Founded in 1973, Milford Writer’s Workshop .  The workshop “was a cradle of cyberpunk” where many of the practitioners of what would become cyberpunk first met.  Continue Reading “Turkey City Writer’s Workshop”
The University of East Anglia’s Creative Writing Course Was founded by Sir Malcolm Bradbury and Sir Angus Wilson in 1970. The MA is Widely Regarded as The Most prestigious and successful in the country [ citation needed ]and competition for places is notoriously tough. [ quote needed ] Continue Reading “UEA Creative Writing Course”
Pop Culture Classroom , based in Denver , Colorado , is a nonprofit organization that educates in the areas of literacy and arts through alternative approaches to learning and character development. The arts and culture of the world of the arts and the environment, and the art of learning, art, and learning. Continue Reading “Pop Culture Classroom”
The Writer’s Block is an independent bookseller, publisher, and literacy educator in downtown Las Vegas . Continue Reading “The Writer’s Block”
Founded in 1996 by World Fantasy Award winning editor Jeanne Cavelos , the Odyssey Writing Workshop is held annually on the campus of St. Anselm College in Goffstown, New Hampshire . Continue Reading “Odyssey Writing Workshop”
The NYU Veterans Writing Workshop at New York University in Manhattan , New York is a free, non-partisan outreach program offered to the veteran community in and around New York City  and is considered by some as the pre-eminent writing workshop for veterans.  Continue Reading “NYU Veterans Writing Workshop”
The Northeast Ohio Master of Fine Arts Program ( NEOMFA ) is a three-year graduate degree consortium creative writing program located in Northeast Ohio . The NEOMFA has a unique collaborative design in which students are expected to come together: Cleveland State University , The University of Akron , Kent State University , and Youngstown State University . Poet Mary Biddingeris current director of the program. Students are able to take classes at any of the four campuses, while being part of one unified writing program. The NEOFMA offers courses in poetry, fiction, creative non-fiction, playwriting, and literary translation. Continue Reading “NEOMFA”
The Milford Writer’s Workshop , or more properly Milford Writers’ Conference , is an annual science fiction writer’s event founded by Damon Knight , among others, in the mid-1950s, in Milford, Pennsylvania . It was so named because of Knight, Judith Merril , and James Blish lived in Milford, Pennsylvania when it was founded. [ citation needed ] It moved to the United Kingdom in 1972 and has run successfully ever since on an annual basis. Continue Reading “Milford Writer’s Workshop”
The MFA Program for Poets & Writers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst is a graduate creative writing program. Continue Reading “MFA Program for Poets & Writers”
The Mbaasem Foundation is a foundation established by Ghanaian writer Ama Ata Aidoo in Accra , Ghana, in 2000. It is a nonprofit foundation dedicated to supporting and promoting the work of African women writers,   to “establish and maintain a writing place for women “.  In 2002 the rented headquarters of the foundation was “likened to the transformation of Ernest Hemingway’s home in Chicago into a literary haven and museum”. The Foundation states its mission to be “To support the development and sustainability of African women writers and their artistic output”, and to its goal: “To create an enabling environment for women to write, tell and publish their stories.”  Continue Reading “Mbaasem Foundation”
The Macondo Writers Workshop is an annual master’s degree in San Antonio, Texas .  The workshop encourages, educates, and promotes new and published socially engaged authors and has been called “a gem of the local and national Latino literary scene.”  Macondo is a program of the Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center and has been closely associated with its founder Sandra Cisneros .  Continue Reading “Macondo Writers Workshop”
The term “Macondistas” refers to authors and members of the writing community who are alumni of the Macondo Writers Workshop , which was founded by Sandra Cisneros in 1995. The workshop is for writers whose work is socially engaged and who has addressed the needs of underrepresented communities via their writing. For years, the workshop was made possible by the philanthropic endeavors of the Cisneros and the Macondo Foundation, though currently the Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center in San Antonio, Texas , administers and hosts the annual workshop. The term “Macondo” was first used in Gabriel García Márquez ‘1967 novel One Hundred Years of Solitude . Continue Reading “Macondistas”
The Johns Hopkins Writing Seminars is an academic program offering undergraduate and graduate degrees in the Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts & Sciences at Johns Hopkins University . Continue Reading “Johns Hopkins Writing Seminars”
The Program in Creative Writing, more commonly known as the Iowa Writers’ Workshop, at the University of Iowa in Iowa City, Iowa, is a much-celebrated graduate-level creative writing program in the United States. Writer Lan Samantha Chang is its director. Graduates earn a Master of Fine Arts (MFA) degree in Creative Writing. It is frequently cited as the best graduate writing program in the country. Continue Reading “Iowa Writers’ Workshop”
GrubStreet, Inc. is a non-profit creative writing center located in the heart of Boston , Massachusetts . Through various workshops, seminars, events and programs, GrubStreet supports writers at all stages of development. According to GrubStreet’s website, its mission is “to be an innovative, rigorous, and welcoming community for writers who create their best work, find audience, and elevate the literary arts for all.”  Since it was founded, 53 instructors and 22 students have successfully published their books.  Among those include New York Times Bestselling Author Jenna Blum . GrubStreet is considered to be literary life in Boston.  Continue Reading “GrubStreet”
Gotham Writers Workshop is the United States’s largest adult-education writing school.  It was founded in New York City in 1993 by writers Jeff Fligelman and David Grae. It was one of the first schools to offer online education, launching its online creative writing classes in 1997.  Continue Reading “Gotham Writers’ Workshop”
The use of comics in education is based on the concept of creating commitment and motivation for students.
The effectiveness of comics as a medium for effective learning and development has been the subject of debate since the origin of the modern comic book in the 1930s.   Sones (1944) notes that comics “evoked more than a hundred critical articles in educational and non-professional periodicals.”  Continue Reading “Comics in education”
The Codex Writers’ Group (aka “Codex”) is an online community of active speculative fiction writers. Codex was created in January 2004. Continue Reading “Codex Writers Group”
Clarion is a six-week workshop for aspiring science fiction and fantasy writers. Originally an outgrowth of Damon Knight and Kate Wilhelm ‘s Milford Writers’ Conference , held at Milford, Pennsylvania , United States, it was founded in 1968 by Robin Scott Wilson  at Clarion State College in Pennsylvania . Knight and Wilhelm were among the first teachers at the workshop.  Continue Reading “Clarion Workshop”
Clarion West Writers Workshop is an intensive six-week program for writers preparing for professional careers in science fiction and fantasy . It runs up from late June through the end of July. The workshop is limited to 18 students per year. Each of the six weeks is instructed by a different professional writer or editor. The roster of the guest instructors changes yearly. Founded in Seattle , Washington in 1971, the workshop has been continuously held since 1984. Clarion West celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2008.  Continue Reading “Clarion West Writers Workshop”
The California Institute of the Arts , known by its nickname CalArts , is a private university located in Valencia , California . It was incorporated in 1961 as the first degree-granting institution of higher learning in the United States specifically for the visual arts and performing arts . It offers Bachelor of Fine Arts , Master of Fine Arts , Master of Arts , and Doctor of Musical Arts among six schools: Art; Critical Studies; Dance; Film / Video; Music; and Theater.  Continue Reading “California Institute of the Arts”
The Arvon Foundation is a charitable organization in the United Kingdom that promotes creative writing . It is based in the Free Word Center for Literature, Literacy and Free Expression in London . Continue Reading “Arvon Foundation”
Antioch University is a non-profit 501 (c) (3) private university system in the United States with five campuses located in four states. All campuses of the university are regionally-accredited by the Higher Learning Commission, one of the six regional accreditors.  Campuses are located in Los Angeles, California ; Santa Barbara, California ; Keene, New Hampshire ; Yellow Springs, Ohio ; and Seattle, Washington . Antioch University uses the system of narrative evaluationas a substitute for the AF letter grades. Additionally, Antioch University houses two institution-wide programs, the Ph.D. in Leadership and Change  and Antioch Education Abroad.  Antioch University, Antioch University should not be confused with Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, which has gained its independence from the University in 2009, and has had no affiliation with the University. 
The Algonkian Writers Conference holds more than one writing workshop at Algonkian Park and several other events Throughout the Year for writers in all genres. The conference is a strong syllabus, narrative craft, small group workshops, market knowledge, instruction in literary technical drama, and feedback exclusively from professionals. Continue Reading “Algonkian Writers Conference”
The Story Workshop Method is a method of teaching writing originated in 1965 by John Schultz . The Story Workshop Institute Was founded to bring the method to elementary and secondary classrooms and other forums for writing instruction.  The Fiction Writing Department at Columbia College in Chicago uses this methodology in its core writing progress course, and Hair Trigger is its annual award-winning student fiction and creative nonfictionwriting. Continue Reading “Story Workshop”
Arthur Boice “Andy” VanGundy Jr. (May 24, 1946 – May 5, 2009) was an US communications professor, conference speaker, author and internationally noted expert on idea-generation techniques. Continue Reading “Arthur B. VanGundy”
Scott Barry Kaufman (born June 3, 1979) is an American psychologist, author, and popular science writer known for his research and writing on intelligence and creativity. Most media attention has focused on Kaufman’s attempt to redefine intelligence.    Kaufman is Scientific Director of the Imagination Institute in the Positive Psychology Center  at the University of Pennsylvania . He is also co-founder of the Creativity Post  and author of “Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined”.  Kaufman won the 2011 Daniel E. Berlyne Award from Division 10 of the American Psychological Associationfor outstanding research on aesthetics, creativity, and the arts by a junior scholar,  and is a 2011-2012 recipient of the Mensa International Award for Excellence in Research.  He is listed on Business Insider as one of the “50 groundbreaking scientists who are changing the way we see the world”.  Continue Reading “Scott Barry Kaufman”
Bharath Sriraman (भारतः स्रिरामान) (b. 1971 Bangalore ) is an Indian-born mathematician, educator and academic editor,  Known For His interdisciplinary contributions at the nexus of math-science-art,  theory development in mathematics education , creativity research,  and alternative education.  Continue Reading “Bharath Sriraman”
Todd Siler , PhD (born August 23, 1953) is an American multimedia artist, author, educator, and inventor, also known for his art and for his work in creativity research. A graduate of Bowdoin College , he became the first visual artist to be awarded a PhD from MIT (interdisciplinary studies in Psychology and Art, 1986). Silent began advocating the full integration of the arts and sciences in the 1970s and is the founder of the ArtScience Program and movement. Continue Reading “Todd Siler”
Marci Segal is recognized for contributions to the fields of creativity and psychology , and for founding World Creativity and Innovation Day, April 21. Her work frees people’s thinking so they can create new futures. She advocates honoring individual differences and leveraging commonalities: personal and interpersonal elements, behaviors, systems, processes, and tools and methods for engagement when new thinking is on the agenda. Continue Reading “Marci Segal”
Robert Keith Sawyer is an American Psychologist. He is the Morgan Distinguished Professor in Educational Innovations at North Carolina University at Chapel Hill . He is an expert on creativity , innovation and learning.     Continue Reading “Keith Sawyer”
Rosie Rosenzweig is a resident scholar at Brandeis University ‘s Women’s Studies Research Center.  She studies creativity, Jewish feminism, and meditation.  She has received both her BA in English and MA in English and American literature from Indiana University . Rosenzweig also writes to the Boston Jewish Spirituality Column via examiner.com.   Continue Reading “Rosie Rosenzweig”
Tudor Rickards PhD (born 1941 in Pontypridd , Wales ) is an author on creativity and leadership in business and management. He is based at Manchester Business School in the UK, where he is Professor of Creativity and Organizational Change.  Continue Reading “Tudor Rickards”
James Melvin “Mel” Rhodes (June 14, 1916 – April 29, 1976) was an American-American educational scientist, assistant professor of education and creativity researcher who was the originator of the pioneering concept of the 4 P of Creativity. Continue Reading “James Melvin Rhodes”
Sidney J. Parnes (January 5, 1922 – August 19, 2013) was an American academic who was professor at Buffalo State College (located in Buffalo, New York ) and co-founder of the International Center for Studies in Creativity. The Center is housed within the Buffalo State College , one of the only places in the world that offers a Masters of Science degree in Creativity . The department also offers a distance learning version of the undergraduate degree in Creative Studies.  Continue Reading “Sid Parnes”
Alex Faickney Osborn (May 24, 1888 – May 5, 1966) was an advertising executive and the author of the technical creativity named brainstorming . Continue Reading “Alex Faickney Osborn”
Ruth B. Noller (October 6, 1922 – June 3, 2008) from Sarasota, formerly of Buffalo , is known for her work as a scholar in creative studies. Dr. Noller was a Navy veteran of World War II, mathematician, and Distinguished Service Emeritus Professor at State University of New York.  Her articles and publications include “Mentoring: A Voiced Scarf, Scratching the Surface of Creative Problem Solving” and with Sid Parnes , “The Creative Action Guide and Creative Action Book.”  Continue Reading “Ruth Noller”
Stephen Nachmanovitch is a musician, author, computer artist, and educator. He is an improvisational violinist, and writes and teaches about improvisation, creativity, and systems approaches in many fields of activity. Continue Reading “Stephen Nachmanovitch”
Wolfgang Metzger (born July 22, 1899 in Heidelberg , Germany ; died December 20, 1979 in Bebenhausen , Germany ) is considered one of the leading representatives of Gestalt psychology (Gestalt theory) in Germany. Continue Reading “Wolfgang Metzger”
James C. Kaufman (born September 21, 1974) is a psychologist known for his research on creativity. He is a Professor of Educational Psychology at the University of Connecticut in Storrs, Connecticut . Previously, he taught at the California State University, San Bernardino , where he directed the Learning Research Institute. He received his Ph.D. from Yale University in Cognitive Psychology , where he worked with Robert J. Sternberg . Continue Reading “James C. Kaufman”
Tim Hurson (born 1946) is a speaker, writer and creativity theorist living in Toronto, Ontario , Canada . He was born in Johannesburg , South Africa , and grew up in New York City , USA . He is now a Canadian citizen. He was educated at The Peddie School in Hightstown , New Jersey , and went to college at Oberlin College in Ohio .  Continue Reading “Tim Hurson”
William Edward “Ned” Herrmann (1922 – December 24, 1999) was an American creative researcher and author, known for his research in creative thinking  and whole-brain methods. He is considered the “father of brain dominance technology.”   Continue Reading “Ned Herrmann”
Joy Paul Guilford (March 7, 1897, Marquette, Nebraska – November 26, 1987, Los Angeles ) was an American psychologist best remembered for his psychometric study of human intelligence , including the distinction between convergent and divergent production . Continue Reading “JP Guilford”
John Curtis Gowan (May 21, 1912 – December 2, 1986) was a psychologist who studied, along with E. Paul Torrance , the development of creative capabilities in children and gifted populations. Continue Reading “John Curtis Gowan”
Howard Earl Gardner (born July 11, 1943) is an American developmental psychologist and the John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education at Harvard University . He is currently the senior director of the Harvard Project Zero, and since 1995, he has been co-director of The Good Project.  Continue Reading “Howard Gardner”
Roland L. Fischer (1915 in Budapest , Hungary – 1997 in Majorca , Spain  ) was an experimental psychiatrist and psychopharmacologist known for his early work on schizophrenia, the perception-hallucination continuum model of altered states of consciousness , and for his work one tasting qui later Contributed to research Supporting supertasting .  : 226  : 9  Fischer was formerly professor of experimental psychiatry and associate professor of pharmacology at Ohio State University (1958-1971), and also held academic posts at George Washington University, Georgetown, and Johns Hopkins University.  : 13, 259-260 Continue Reading “Roland L. Fischer”
William Duff (1732 – 1815) Was a Scottish Presbyterian minister and one of the first writers to analyze the kind of genius as a property of human psychology.  His Essay on Original Genius is frequently cited as a landmark in the Western analysis of genius and creativity .
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi ( / m i h aɪ tʃ i k s ɛ n t m i h aɪ / , Hungarian : Csíkszentmihályi Mihály , pronounced [t͡ʃiːksɛntmihaːji Mihaj] ( listen ) ; born September 29, 1934) is a Hungarian psychologist. He recognized and named the psychological concept of flow , a highly focused mental state.   [ page needed ]He is the Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Management at Claremont Graduate University . He is the head of the Department of Psychology at the University of Chicago and the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Lake Forest College .  Continue Reading “Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi”
Edward de Bono (born 19 May 1933)  is a Maltese physician, psychologist, author, inventor and consultant psychologist. He wrote about the term thinking , wrote the book Six Thinking Hats and is a proponent of the teaching of thinking in schools.  Edward de Bono is regarded as the leading authority in creativity.  Continue Reading “Edward de Bono”
Teresa Amabile (born in 1950) is the Edsel Bryant Ford Professor of Business Administration in the Entrepreneurial Management Unit at Harvard Business School . Continue Reading “Teresa Amabile”
Unified Structured Invention Thinking (USIT) is a structured, problem-solving methodology for finding innovative solution concepts to engineering-design type problems. Historically, USIT is related to Systematic Inventive Thinking (SIT), which originated in Israel and is related to TRIZ , the Russian methodology. It differs from TRIZ in many ways, but most importantly it is a simpler methodology, which makes it quicker to learn and easier to apply. It requires no databases or computer software . (But note that the purest application of TRIZ does not require databases or software.) Continue Reading “Unified structured inventive thinking”
The nominal technical group ( NGT ) is a group process involving problem identification, solution generation, and decision making.  It can be used in groups of many sizes, who wants to make their decision quickly, but only by voting, but wanting everyone’s opinions taken into account.  The method of tallying is the difference. First, every member of the group gives their view of the solution, with a short explanation. Then, duplicate solutions are eliminated from the list of all solutions, and the members proceed to rank the solutions, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and so on. Continue Reading “Nominal technical group”
The Disney Method , developed by Robert Dilts in 1994, is a complex creativity strategy in which a group uses specific thinking styles in turn. It involves parallel thinking to a problem, to generate ideas, to evaluate ideas, to construct a critique of a plan of action. The four thinking styles are – outsiders, dreamers, realisers and critics. Continue Reading “Disney method”
Creative problem-solving is the mental process of searching for an original and previously unknown solution to a problem. To qualify, the solution must be novel and independently.  Continue Reading “Creative problem-solving”
Creative computing covers the interdisciplinary area at the cross-over of the creative arts and computing . Issues of creativity include knowledge discovery , for example.  Continue Reading “Creative computing”
In computer supported brainstorming , team members contribute their ideas through electronic means either synchronously or asynchronously. The brainstorming software selected by the team mediates the individual interactions and helps to organize and shape the brainstorming session.  Computer supported brainstorming can be implemented using a wide variety of electronic technologies. Continue Reading “Computer supported brainstorming”
Computational creativity (Also Known As artificial creativity , mechanical creativity , creative computing or creative computing ) is a Multidisciplinary endeavor That Is site location is the intersection of the fields of artificial intelligence , cognitive psychology , philosophy , and the arts . Continue Reading “Computational creativity”
Brainstorming is a group creativity technique by which efforts are made to find a specific problem by a list of ideas spontaneously contributed by its members. Continue Reading “Brainstorming”
Bodystorming is a technique sometimes used in interaction design or as a technical creativity . Continue Reading “bodystorming”
The affinity diagram is a business tool used to organize ideas and data. It is one of the Seven Management and Planning Tools . People have been grouping data into groups based on natural relationships for years; However, the term affinity was devised by Jiro Kawakita in the 1960s  and is sometimes referred to as the KJ Method . Continue Reading “Affinity diagram”
6-3-5 Brainwriting (or 635 Method, Method 635) is a group-structured brainstorming technique  aiming at aiding innovation processes by stimulating creativity developed by Bernd Rohrbach who originally published in a German sales magazine, the Absatzwirtschaft , in 1968.  Continue Reading “6-3-5 Brainwriting”
Creativity techniques are methods that encourage creative actions, whether in the arts or sciences. They focus on a variety of aspects of creativity, including techniques for idea generation and divergent thinking , methods of re-framing problems, changes in the affective environment and so on. They can be used as part of problem solving , artistic expression, or therapy. Continue Reading “Creativity techniques”
The War of Art is a 2002 non-fiction book written by the American author Steven Pressfield . Within it, Pressfield highlights the different forms of Resistance faced by artists, entrepreneurs, athletes, and others, who are trying to break through its barriers.      The book has a follow-up titled Do The Work . Continue Reading “The War of Art (book)”
The Organized Mind: Thinking Straight in the Age of Information Overload is a bestselling popular science book written by the McGill University neuroscientist Daniel J. Levitin , PhD, and first published by Dutton Penguin in the United States and Canada in 2014.  It Levitin’s 3rd consecutive bestseller, debuting at # 2 on the New York Times Best Seller List , # 1 on the Canadian bestseller lists,  # 1 on Amazon, and # 5 on The London Times bestseller list. Continue Reading “The Organized Mind”
Imagine: How Creativity Works is the third non-fiction book by Jonah Lehrer , published in 2012. It explores brain science , and creativity and its social aspects.  By July 2012, the book had been published by its publisher due to factual inaccuracies. 
How We Decide , Jonah Lehrer , abook by Jonah Lehrer . It is published as The Decisive Moment: How the Brain Makes Up Its Mind in the United Kingdom. Continue Reading “How We Decide”
How to Fly a Horse: The Secret History of Creation, Invention, and Discovery is a 2015 non-fiction book by the pioneer Kevin Ashton . In the book, Ashton debunks many common myths about creativity and hard work, rather than creative genius, is the true source of innovation.  Continue Reading “How to Fly a Horse”
The Gift: Imagination and the Erotic Life of Property is a 1983 book by Lewis Hyde in which he examines the importance of gifts, their flow and movement and the impact that the modern market place has had on the circulation of gifts.  Continue Reading “The Gift: Imagination and the Erotic Life of Property”
Freedom of Expression is a book written by Kembrew McLeod about freedom of speech issues involving concepts of intellectual property . The book was first published in 2005 by Doubleday as Freedom of Expression®: overzealous Copyright Bozos and Other Enemies of Creativity , and in 2007 by University of Minnesota Press as Freedom of Expression®: Resistance and Repression in the Age of Intellectual Property . The paperback edition includes a foreword by Lawrence Lessig. The author recounts a history of the use of counter-cultural artistry, illegal art, and the use of copyrighted works in art as a form of fair use and creative expression. The book encourages the reader to continue such uses in art and other forms of creative expression. Continue Reading “Freedom of Expression (book)”
Circle International Survey of Constructivist Art Was An Almost 300-page art book published in London, England, in 1937.   It was edited by the artists Ben Nicholson and Naum Gabo and the architect Leslie Martin with the layout being white designed by Barbara Hepworth . Circle was intended to be a series of publications, but it was only referred to as a newspaper or magazine. Continue Reading “Circle: International Survey of Constructivist Art”
Catching the Big Fish: Meditation, Consciousness, and Creativity , a book by David Lynch film director, is an autobiography and self-help guide  comprising 84 vignette-like chapters.  Lynch’s comments on a wide range of topics “from metaphysics to the importance of screening your movie before a test audience.”  Catching the Big Fish was inspired by Lynch’s Transcendental Meditation (TM), which he began practicing in 1973. In the book, Lynch writes about his approach to filmmaking and other creative arts . Catching the Big Fishwas published by Tarcheron December 28, 2006.       Continue Reading “Catching the Big Fish”
The Artist’s Way: A Spiritual Path To Higher Creativity is a self-help book by American author Julia Cameron . The book was written to help people with artistic creative recovery , qui teaches technical and exercises to assist people in self-confidence Gaining in harnessing Their creative talents and skills. Correlation and emphasis is used by the author to show a connection between artistic creativity and a spiritual connection with God .     Continue Reading “The Artist’s Way”
The Act of Creation is a 1964 book by Arthur Koestler . It is a study of the processes of discovery, invention, imagination and creativity in humor, science, and the arts. It lays out Koestler’s attempt to develop an elaborate general theory of human creativity. Continue Reading “The Act of Creation”
Do the Work is a 2011 non-fiction book written by American author Steven Pressfield . It is the follow up book to his previous work The War of Art . In it he again emphasizes his theory of the enemy of creative works, Resistance , that stops individuals from achieving what they dream to do. He outlines the steps to overcome and defeat the resistance and produce what the soul desires, whether it be artistic, athletic, business, or any other venture that requires time and effort.    Continue Reading “Do the Work”
Transmediation is the process of translating a work into a different medium. It can be used more than one media form. All the components of a network are interlinked with each other. Therefore, transmediated works are closely related to semiotics and technology in the context of digital media. Continue Reading “Transmediation”
Metatextuality is a form of intertextual discourse in which one text makes critical commentary on another text. This concept is related to Gerard Genette ‘s concept of transtextuality in which a text changes or expands on the content of another text. Continue Reading “Metatextuality”
Homage ( / h ɒ m ɪ dʒ / gold / ɒ m ɪ dʒ / ) is a show or demonstration of respect or dedication to someone or something, sometimes by mere declaration Often goal by some more oblique reference, artistic or poetic. The term is often used in the arts for the sake of one another or by allusion or imitation; Often this is pronounced like the French homage ( / oʊ m ɑ ʒ / ).  Continue Reading “Homage (arts)”
Ziva Ben-Porat is a literary theorist, writer, and editor who lives in Israel and is a professor at Tel Aviv University .    Continue Reading “Ziva Ben-Porat”
Transtextuality is the textual transcendence of the text . According to Gerard Genette transtextuality is “all that sets the text in relationship, whether obvious or concealed, with other texts” and it “covers all aspects of a particular text”.  Genette described transtextuality as a “more inclusive term” than intertextuality .   Continue Reading “Transtextuality”
Intertextuality is the shaping of a text’s meaning by another text. It is the interconnection between similar and related works of literature that reflects and influences an audience’s interpretation of the text. Intertextual figures include: allusion , quotation , layer , plagiarism , translation , pastiche and parody .   Intertextuality is a literary device that creates an interrelationship between texts and an overview of intertextuality (“Intertextuality”, 2015). These references are made to influence the reader and add layers of depth to a text, based on the readers’ prior knowledge and understanding. Intertextuality is a literary discourse strategy (Gadavanij, nd) used by writers in novels, poetry, theater and even in non-written texts (such as performances and digital media). Examples of intertextuality are an author’s borrowing and transformation of a prior text, and a reader’s referencing of one text in reading another. Continue Reading “intertextuality”
Aristocratic and Royal writings and works is an item qui Describes writings and works made by members of aristocracies and members or heads of royal families Throughout history. Continue Reading “User: Plagktos / aristocratic and royal writings”
Plagiarism is the “wrongful appropriation” and “stealing and publication” of another author’s “language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions” and the representation of them as one’s own original work .   Continue Reading “Plagiarism”
Touched with Fire: Manic-Depressive Illness and the Artistic Temperament is a book by the American psychologist Kay Jamison Redfield examining the relationship betweenbipolar disorder and artistic creativity . It contains extensive case studies of historic writers, artists, and composers assessed as having suffered from Cyclothymia , Major Depressive Disorder , or Manic-Depressive / Bipolar Disorder .  Continue Reading “Touched with Fire”
The tortured artist is a character and real-life stereotype who is in constant torment due to frustrations with art and other people. Continue Reading “Tortured artist”
The concept of a link between creativity and mental illness has been extensively discussed by psychologists and other researchers. Parallels can be drawn to connect to major mental disorders including: bipolar disorder , schizophrenia , major depressive disorder , anxiety disorder , and ADHD . For example, studies [ which? ]have shown correlations between creative occupations and people living with mental illness. There are cases that support the idea that mental illness can help in creativity, but it is also agreed that mental illness does not exist for creativity. Continue Reading “Creativity and mental illness”
Thinking Skills and Creativity is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers research into the teaching of thinking skills and creativity . The editor-in-chief is Rupert Wegerif( University of Exeter ). The journal was established in 2006 and is published by Elsevier . Continue Reading “Thinking Skills and Creativity”
The Journal of Creative Communications is a blind peer reviewed academic journal that promotes inquiry into contemporary communication issues within the social, economic, cultural, and cultural contexts. Continue Reading “Journal of Creative Communications”
Creative computing covers the interdisciplinary area at the cross-over of the creative arts and computing . Issues of creativity include knowledge discovery , for example.  Continue Reading “Creative computing”
The Creativity Research Journal is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers all aspects of creativity . The editor-in-chief is Mark A. Runco ( American Institute of Behavioral Research and Technology ). The paper was established in 1988 and is published by Routledge . Continue Reading “Creativity Research Journal”
Level of invention (or degree of Inventiveness , gold level of solution , or rank of solution , or rank of invention ) is a relative degree of exchange to the previous system (or solution) in the result of solution of inventive problem(one Containing has contradiction ). Term was defined and introduced by TRIZ author GS Altshuller . Continue Reading “Level of invention”
A creative brief is a document used by creative professionals and agencies to develop creative deliverables: visual design, copy, advertising, web sites, etc. The document is usually developed by the requestor (in most cases a marketing team member) and approved by the creative team of designers, writers, and project managers. In Some cases, the project’s creative brief May need creative director approval before work will begin. Continue Reading “Creative brief”
A creative work is a manifestation of creative effort including fine artwork ( sculpture , painting , drawing , sketching , performance art ), dance, writing ( literature ), filmmaking , and musical composition . Continue Reading “Creative work”
The international trade of fine art is most precisely defined by the trade of nations of unique, non-reproducible works by an artist. The art trade contradicts is a culturally significant good. It is not treated by consumers that it is unique to each other. Despite existing as a finite physical piece, unique art is still considered intellectual property. This clause may be used in the context of national and international commercialization, or liberalized for the sake of a healthier international market. Continue Reading “International trade in fine art”
Interdisciplinary Arts is an academic department in the School of Media Arts at Columbia College Chicago . As one of the earliest interdisciplinary arts programs in the United States, it has been an incubator for new approaches to art making for the past 30 years. Guided by the principle That interdisciplinarity “is a defining characteristic of contemporary practice art”  and “A Necessary prerequisite For Those artists Who will shape the future of creative practice”,  the Artists Who work in the Interdisciplinary Arts department Investigate new ground. Continue Reading “Interdisciplinary arts”
In art, theme is usually about life , society or human nature , but can be any other subject. Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a work. Themes are usually implied rather than explicitly stated. The subject is not required in a work, but the great majority of works of some kind of thematic content, not always intended by the author . Analysis of changes (or implied change) in dynamic characteristics of the work can provide insight into a particular theme. Continue Reading “Theme (arts)”
Art media is the material used by an artist , composer or designer to create a work of art . This is a list of types of art and the materials used in these types. Continue Reading “List of art media”
The term Context art ( German : Kontext Kunst ) was introduced by Kontext Kunst. The Art of the 90s  curated by Peter Weibel at the Neue Galerie im Künstlerhaus Graz (Austria) in 1993 (02.10.-07.11.1993). Continue Reading “Context art”
In art, a dedication is the creation or attribution of a work of art as a tribute to or in honor of a person, place, or thing. The dedicatee may be the commissioner , conductor, first performer or musical ensemble, gold boss. The work may be memorial . Continue Reading “Dedication (art)”
Gifted art (or free art ) is Any form or piece of art That Is Given freely, whether to a city, a group of people, a community or an individual. It refers to any art that is distributed at no direct cost. It is a form of conceptual art . It should be available to everyone, whether rich or poor, university graduate or junior high dropout. Since Gifted Art is an expressive form of art – an idea, it encompasses almost all forms of art: movies , literature , music recordings , sculpture ,  painting ,  graffiti ,  digital art , street performances , art performance , art decals , comics , coffeehouse poetry and internet -distributed art etc. Continue Reading “Gifted art”
In European academic traditions, fine art is art Developed Primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from Applied Art That Has to serve aussi Some practical function, Such As pottery gold MOST metalwork. Continue Reading “Fine art”
Community arts , also known as “dialogical art”, “community-based” or “community-based art,” refers to artistic activity based on a community setting. Works from this genre of interaction and dialogue with the community. Professionals often collaborates with people who are not engaged in the arts. The term was defined in the late-1960s and spawned a movement which grew in the United States , Canada , the Netherlands , the United Kingdom , Ireland , and Australia . In Scandinavia, the term “community art” means more often contemporary art project. Continue Reading “Community arts”
Carving is the act of using tools to shape something from a material by scraping away portions of that material. The technique can be applied to any material that is solid enough to hold a piece of equipment when it has been removed. Carving, as a means for making sculpture , is distinct from methods using soft and malleable materials like clay , fruit , and melted glass , which may be shaped into the desired forms while soft and hard. Carving tends to require much more work than methods using malleable materials.  Continue Reading “Carving”
Arts and letters is a traditional term for the arts and literature considered together. The category defined as “arts and letters” may also include performing arts , visual arts , or liberal arts . Continue Reading “Arts and letters”
The arts refers to the theory and physical expression of creativity in human societies and cultures . Major constituents of the arts include literature – including poetry , prose and drama , performing arts – among them music , dance , and theater ; and visual arts – including drawing , painting , photography , ceramics , sculpting, and architecture – the art of designing and constructing buildings. Continue Reading “The arts”
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts ( artworks ), expressing the author’s imaginative or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.   In their most general form these activities include the production of works of art, the criticism of art, the study of the history of art, and the aesthetic dissemination of art. Continue Reading “Art”
In software development , a leaky abstraction is an abstraction that should be ideally hidden. Leaky abstractions are considered problematic, since the purpose of abstractions is Continue Reading “Leaky abstraction”
Hypostatic abstraction in mathematical logic , also known as hypostasis or subjectal abstraction , is a formal operation that transforms a predicate into a relation ; for example “Honey is sweet” is transformed into “Honey hassweetness”. The relationship is created entre les original subject and a new term That Represents the property Expressed by the original predicate. Continue Reading “Hypostatic abstraction”
Broadly speaking, pure mathematics is mathematics that studies completely abstract concepts . This paper is a recognizable category of mathematical activity from the nineteenth century onwards,  at variance with the trend towards meeting the needs of navigation , astronomy , physics , economics , engineering , and so on. Continue Reading “Pure mathematics”
In philosophy , mathematics , and logic , a property is a characteristic of an object ; a red object is said to have the property of redness. The property may be considered a form of property in its own right. A property, but it may be instantiated , and often in more than one thing. It differs from the logical / mathematical concept of class by not HAVING Any concept of extensionality , and from the philosophical concept of classin that a property is considered to be distinct from the objects which possesses it. Understanding how different individual entities (or particulars) In Some can have some sense of the Saami properties is the basis of the problem of universals . The terms attribute and quality have similar meanings. Continue Reading “Property (philosophy)”
Meta (from the Greek preposition and prefix meta- (μετά-) meaning “after”, or “beyond”) is a prefix used in English to indicate a concept which is an abstraction behind another concept, . Continue Reading “meta”
In logic and probability theory , two propositions (or events) are mutually exclusive or disjoint if they are not both be true (occur). A clear example is the set of outcomes of a single coin toss, which can result in either heads or tails, but not both. Continue Reading “Mutual exclusivity”
Entitativity means the consideration of something as pure entity , ie, the mental abstraction from waiting circumstances. Continue Reading “Entitativity”
Distinction , the fundamental philosophical abstraction , involves the recognition of difference.  Continue Reading “Distinction (philosophy)”
Daydreaming is a short-term detachment of one’s immediate surroundings, a person’s contact with reality is blurred and partly replaced by a visionary fantasy , especially one of happy, pleasant thoughts, hopes or ambitions, imagined as coming to pass, and experienced while awake. Continue Reading “Daydream”
Continuous predicate is a term coined by Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) to describe a special type of relational predicate that results in the limitation of a recursive process of hypostatic abstraction . Continue Reading “Continuous predicate”
Concepts are the fundamental building blocks of our thoughts and beliefs . They play an important role in all aspects of cognition .   Continue Reading “Concept”
Complexity antigenically the behavior of a system or model Whose components interact in multiple ways and follow local rules, meaning there is no reasonable Higher instruction to define the various interactions as possible.  Continue Reading “Complexity”
Abstractionism is the theory that the mind obtains some or all of its concepts by abstracting them from it already has, or from experience .  One may, for example, abstract ‘green’ from a set of experiences which involve green along with other properties . Also, for example, a generic concept like ‘vegetable’ from the already possessed concepts of its instances (carrot, broccoli, onion, etc.). This view was criticized by George Berkeley  and Peter Geach .  Continue Reading “Abstractionism”
Abstraction in mathematics is the process of extracting the Underlying gasoline of a mathematical concept Removing Any dependence is real world objects with qui it might Originally-have-been connected, and generalizing it so That It HAS ‘wider gold applications matching Among other abstract descriptions of equivalent phenomena .    Two of the most highly abstract areas of modern mathematics are theory theory and model theory . Continue Reading “Abstraction (mathematics)”
Typically, abstraction is used in the arts as a synonym for abstract art in general. Continue Reading “Abstraction (art)”
An abstract structure is a formal object which is defined by a set of laws, properties and relationships in a way that is logically not always historically independent of the structure of contingent experiences, for example, those involving physical objects. Abstract Studied structures are not only in logic and mathematics aim in the fields That apply em, as computer science , and in the studies we That Reflect Them, Such As philosophy (especially the philosophy of mathematics ). Indeed, modern mathematics has been defined by the Bourbakigroup: see discussion there, at algebraic structure and also structure ). Continue Reading “Abstract structure”
The term abstract process Refers to abstractions as being white distinguishable as processes- ie , as concepts qui carry a meaning and functionality of operation with regard to other concepts. Within the study of abstractions, the term is used to Refer to processes as distinct from ” concepts ” or other objects qui carry no intrinsic functional meaning. Continue Reading “Abstract process”
Abstract and concrete are classifications That denote whether a term Describes an object with a physical referent or one with no physical referents. They are most commonly used in philosophy and semantics . Abstract objects are sometimes called abstracta (singular abstractum ) and concrete objects are sometimes called concreta (sing concretum ). An abstract object is an object which does not exist at any particular time or place, but rather exists a type of thing, ie, an idea , orabstraction .  The term ‘abstract object’ is said to be coined by Willard Van Orman Quine .  The study of abstract objects is called abstract object theory . Continue Reading “Abstract and concrete”
The missing-minded professor is a stock character of popular fiction, usually portrayed as a talented academic Whose academic brilliance is accompagné by below-by functioning in other areas, leading to forgetfulness and mistakes. One explanation of this is that highly talented individuals often have unevenly distributed capabilities, being brilliant in their field of choice. Alternatively, they are considered to be ingrained in their field of study that they forget their surroundings. Continue Reading “Absent-minded professor”
Abstraction in icts hand sense is a conceptual process Where general rules and concepts are derived from the use and classification of specific examples, literal ( “real” or ” concrete “) signifiers, first principles , or other methods. Continue Reading “Abstraction”
A work of art , artwork , room art , piece of art or object art is an aesthetic physical item or artistic establishment. Apart from “work of art”, qui May be used Any of work Regarded as artin icts Widest sense, Including works from literature and music , thesis terms apply principally to tangible, mobile forms of visual art : Continue Reading “Work of art”
Vertical thinking is a type of approach that is usually selective, analytical, and sequential. It could be said that it is the opposite of lateral thinking .  The use of insight and risk, and the use of insight and unconscious processes. This type of thinking is an improbable one. Vertical thinkers prefer to rely on external data and facts in order to avoid failure or counterfactual thinking. [ page needed ] Continue Reading “Vertical thinking”
Threatcasting is a conceptual framework used to help multidisciplinary groups envision future scenarios. It is also a process that makes it possible for the future. Utilizing the threatcasting process, groups explore possible future threats and how to transform the future. Threatcasting is a continuous, multiple-step process with inputs from social science, technical research, cultural history, economics, trends, expert interviews, and science fiction storytelling. These inputs inform the exploration of potential visions of the future. Continue Reading “Threatcasting”
Thinking Outside The Box (also thinking out of the box   or thinking beyond the box and, Especially in Australia , thinking outside the square  ) is a metaphor That means clustering to think are differently, unconventionally, or from a new perspective. This phrase often refers to novel or creative thinking. The 1970s and 1980s challenge their customers to solve the “nine dots” puzzle, whose solution requires some lateral thinking . This sentence can also be found commonly in dance, as it is encouraged to move creatively, beyond simple, geometric box steps and their basic variations, to literally step outside the box into more complex patterns of expression. Continue Reading “Thinking outside the box”
Systematic Inventive Thinking (SIT) is a thinking method developed in Israel in the mid-1990s. Derived from Genrich Altshuller ‘s TRIZ engineering discipline, SIT is a practical approach to creativity , innovation and problem solving , qui HAS Become a Well Known methodology for Innovation. At the heart of SIT’s method is one of the ideas of Genrich Altshuller’s TRIZ which is also known as Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TIPS): that inventive solutions share common patterns. Focus on not doing things inventive solutions different – but on what they share in common – is core to SIT’s approach. Continue Reading “Systematic inventive thinking”
Syntactics is a problem solving method that may be unaware. This method was developed by George M. Prince (April 5, 1918 – June 9, 2009)  and William JJ Gordon , originating in the Arthur D. Little Invention Design Unit in the 1950s. Continue Reading “Synectics”
The majority of studies on sleepiness has been shown to be flexible and flexible, and there are several hypotheses about the creative function of dreams. On the other hand, a few recent studies have supported a theory of creative insomnia, in which creativity is significantly correlated with sleep disturbance. Continue Reading “Sleep and creativity”
Science fiction prototyping ( SFP ) refers to the idea of using science fiction to describe and explore the implications of futuristic technologies and social structures enabled by them.   Continue Reading “Science fiction prototyping”
Resistance is a concept created by American novelist Steven Pressfield That illustrates the universal power That he claims acts contre human creativity .  It was first described in his non-fiction book The War of Art  and elaborated in the follow-up books Do The Work  and Turning Pro ,  and in other essays.  It is also a recurring theme in some of his fiction novels such as The Legend of Vance Bagger  and The Virtues of War .  Continue Reading “Resistance (creativity)”
Remix culture , sometimes read-write culture , is a society that allows and encourages derivative works by combining or editing existing materials to produce a new creative work or product.   A remix culture would be, by default, permissive of efforts to improve upon, change, integrate, or otherwise remix the work of copyright holders. While a common practice of artists of all domains Throughout human history,  the grow of exclusive copyright restrictions in the last decades Several limits this practice more and more by the legal chilling effect.  As reaction Harvard lawprofessor Lawrence Lessig , Who considers remixing a desirable concept for human creativity, works since the early 2000s   was remixing transfer of the concept into the digital age . Lessig founded the Creative Commons in 2001 qui released Licenses have tools to enable cultural remix again, as remixing is Legally Prevented by default the exclusive copyright diet applied currently on intellectual property . The remix Culture for cultural works is related to and inspired by The Earlier Free and open source software for software movement, qui encouraged the reuse and remixing of software works. Continue Reading “Remix culture”
The psychology of art is an interdisciplinary field that studies perception , cognition and characteristics of art and its production. For the use of art materials as a form of psychotherapy , see art therapy . The psychology of art is related to architectural psychology and environmental psychology . [ quote needed ] Continue Reading “Psychology of art”
Generally people in interactive brainstorming groups Produce Fewer ideas and creative ones That are less than Those Sami Would people if They Were working Individually, in what is Known as nominal groups .  Production blocking, the tendency for one individual in a group discussion of block or other causes of offering ideas, is a major reason.  Continue Reading “Production blocking”
PICTIVE (Plastic Interface for Collaborative Technology Initiative through Video Exploration) It was developed at Bellcore around 1990. Continue Reading “Pictive”
Parallel thinking is a corner coined by Edward de Bono .   Parallel thinking is described as a constructive alternative to: “adversarial thinking”; debate ; and the approaches exemplified by Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle (whom Bono refers to as “Greek gang of three” (GG3)   ). In general thinking is parallel development has further Top of the Well Known lateral thinking processes, focusing more on exploration Even-looking for what can be Rather than for what is . Continue Reading “Parallel thinking”
OverClocked ReMix , Also Known As OC ReMix and OCR , is a non-commercial organization dedicated to preserving and paying tribute to video game music through arranging and re-interpreting the songs, both, with new technology and software and by various traditional means clustering. The primary focus of OC ReMix is its website, ocremix.org , which freely hosts over 3,000 curated fan-made video game music arrangements , information on game music and composers, and resources for aspiring artists. In addition to the individual works, called “ReMixes”, the site hosts over 70 albums of music, including both albums of arrangements on a particular video game, series, or theme, and albums of original compositions for video games. The OC ReMix community created the Super Street Fighter II HD Turbo Remix soundtrack for Capcom in 2008, and began publishing commercially licensed albums in 2013. Continue Reading “OverClocked ReMix”
Originality is the aspect of being or being distinguished from reproductions , clones, forges , or derivative works . [ citation needed ] An original work is one of the following. [ Citation needed ] . It is a work created with a unique style and substance. The term “originality” is often applied as a compliment to the creativity of artists , writers , and thinkers . [ quote needed ]The idea of originality as we [ who? ] know it was invented by Romanticism ,  with a notion that is often called romantic originality .    Continue Reading “originality”
Oblique Strategies (subtitled Over One Hundred Worthwhile Dilemmas ) is a deck of 7-by-9-centimeters (2.8 in × 3.5 in) printed cards in a black container box,  created by Brian Eno and Peter Schmidt and first published in 1975.  Each card offers a challenging constraint to help artists (especially musicians) creative break blocks by encouraging lateral thinking . Continue Reading “Oblique Strategies”
Morphological analysis was designed for multi-dimensional, non-quantifiable problems where causal modeling and simulation do not work well. Fritz Zwicky developed this approach to seemingly non-reducible complexity (Zwicky, 1966, 1969). Ritchey (2002), the system of reducing the risk of harm by the elimination of a grid box. Continue Reading “Morphological box”
Morphological analysis or general morphological analysis is a method developed by Fritz Zwicky (1967, 1969) for exploring all possible solutions to a multi-dimensional, non-quantified complex problem.  Continue Reading “Morphological analysis (problem-solving)”
A mind map is a diagram used to visually organize information. A mind map is hierarchical and shows relationships among pieces of the whole.  It is often created around a single concept, drawn as an image in the center of a blank page, to which it is associated with images, words and parts of words are added. Major ideas are connected directly to the central concept, and other ideas branch out from those. Continue Reading “Mind map”
Method of focal objects is a technique for problem solving or creative thinking and involves synthesizing the seemingly non-matching characteristics of different objects into something new. Continue Reading “Method of focal objects”
On Several Occasions Throughout history dreams -have-been credited for Causing very significant events. This includes problem-solving, decision-making, and apparent precognition while dreaming . These phenomena have been interpreted in various ways. Continue Reading “List of dreams”
Lightricks is an Israel -based start up company that designs photo and video editing applications (“apps”) for mobile phones, including Facetune . Continue Reading “Lightricks”
A library makerspace is an area and / or service that offers an opportunity to create and use a computer, to create and use computers, 3-D printers , audio and video capture and editing tools, and traditional arts and craftssupplies. In the field of library science, makerspaces are classified as a type of library service offered by librarians to patrons . Continue Reading “Library makerspace”
Insight is the understanding of a specific cause and effect within a specific context. The term insight can have several related meanings: Continue Reading “Insight”
Intellectual property ( IP ) refers to creations of the intellect for which a monopoly is assigned to designated owners by law .  Intellectual property rights ( IPRs ) are the rights granted to the creators of IP, and include trademarks , copyrights , patents , industrial design rights , and certain trade secrets .  Artistic works including music and literature, as well as discoveries, inventions, words, phrases, symbols, and designs. Continue Reading “Intellectual property”
An invention is a unique or novel device , method, composition or process. The invention is a process within an overall engineering and product development process. It may be an improvement on a machine or product or a process for creating an object or a result. An invention that achieves a completely unique function or result can be a radical breakthrough. Such works are novel and not obvious to others in the same field . An inventor may be taking a big step in success or failure. Continue Reading “Invention”
Ignite The Genius Within is a multi-media creativity book co-authored by author and journalist Christopher Lee Nutter and EMDR therapist Dr. Christine Ranck. It was published by Dutton Penguin in March, 2009 ( ISBN 052595094X). The book uses visuals with audio stimulus created by Dr. David Grand from EMDR trauma therapy to the end of enhancing creativity. It was endorsed by performance artist Laurie Anderson and actress / playwright Sarah Jones (stage actress) . Continue Reading “Ignite the Genius Within”
In philosophy , ideas are usually construed as mental representational images of some object . Ideas can also be abstract concepts that do not present as mental images.  Many philosophers have considered ideas to be a fundamental ontological category of being . The capacity to create and Understand the meaning of ideas is regarded to be an essential and defining feature of Human Beings . In a popular sense, an idea arises in a reflexive, spontaneous manner, even without thinking or serious reflection, for example, when we talk about the idea of a person or place. A new or original idea can often lead to innovation .  Continue Reading “Idea”
Generativity Theory is a formal, predictive theory of creative behavior in individuals . First proposed by American psychologist Robert Epstein in the early 1980s, the theory asserts that novel behavior is the result of a dynamic interaction among previously established behaviors; in other words, new ideas result from interconnections among old ones. Continue Reading “Generativity Theory”
Gaussian adaptation (GA) is also an evolutionary algorithm designed for the maximization of manufacturing efficiency in the statistical processing of signal processing systems. In short, GA is a stochastic adaptive process where a number of samples of an n- dimensional vector x [ x T = ( x 1 , x 2 , …, x n )] are taken from a multivariate Gaussian distribution , N ( m , M ), having meanm and moment matrix M . The samples are tested for fail or pass. The first- and second-order moments of the Gaussian restricted to the pass are m * and M * samples . Continue Reading “Gaussian adaptation”
The future map is a method for building scenarios based on the collection of future events. Continue Reading “Future map (organizational planning)”
In video gaming, a fan translation is an unofficial translation of a computer game or video game made by fans . Continue Reading “Fan translation of video games”
The eureka effect (also known as the Aha! Moment or eureka moment ) refers to the common human experience of a previously unknown incomprehensible problem or concept. Some research describes the Aha! effect (also known as insight or epiphany ) as a memory advantage,  but conflicting results, which is quite likely to occur in the brain, and it is difficult to predict an Aha! moment. Continue Reading “Eureka effect”
Fearless ( French for Second State ) Refers to the state of mind into qui Some writers go When writing short stories. It mixes abstraction and concentration at the same time. The Argentine writer Julio Cortázar often used this method to write, as he called it “the moment of maximum creativity”.  Continue Reading “Second state”
An epiphany (from the ancient Greek ἐπιφάνεια, epiphaneia , “manifestation, striking appearance”) is an experience of sudden and striking realization. Generally the term is used to describe scientific breakthroughs, but it is possible to apply them to a situation in a particular situation. Epiphanies are studied by psychologists   and other scholars, particularly those attempting to study the process of innovation .    Continue Reading “Epiphany (feeling)”
An enabling technology is an invention or innovation , which can be applied to drive radical change in the capabilities of a user or culture. Enabling technologies are characterized by rapid development of technologies, often in various fields. See General purpose technology . Continue Reading “Enabling technology”
An egg of Columbus or Columbus’ egg ( Italian : uovo di Colombo [wɔːvo di kolombo] ) refers to a brilliant idea or discovery that seems simple or easy after the fact. The term Refers to an apocryphal story in qui Christopher Columbus , HAVING beens Told That discovering the Americas Was inevitable and no great accomplishment, challenges His critics to make an egg stand on tip icts. After his challengers give up, Columbus does it himself by tapping the egg on the table to flatten his tip. Continue Reading “Egg of Columbus”
Dōjin soft ( 同人 ソ フ ト ) , also sometimes called dōjin games ( 同人 ゲ ー ム ) , with dōjin sometimes transliterated as doujin or doujinshi , are video games created by Japanese hobbyists or hobbyist groups (referred to as ” circles “), more for fun than for profit; essentially, the Japanese equivalent of independent video games or Fangames . Most of them are based on pre-existing material (” modding”), But some are Entirely original creations. They are Almost always exclusive to Windows -based PCs , goal aussi notable FEW exceptions exist for the Dreamcast , it was qui console homebrew development Was popular. [ Citation needed ] Continue Reading “Dōjin soft”
The Remote Associates Test (RAT) is a creativity test used to determine a human’s creative potential. The test typically lasts forty minutes and consists of thirty to forty-four questions in which each of these three common stimuli is considered to be unrelated. The person being tested must think of a word that is somehow related to each of the first three words.  Scores are calculated based on the correct questions. Continue Reading “User: Dmcapotos / sandbox”
This is a creative culture that allows for creative interplay of geographically dispersed participants. Continue Reading “Distributed creativity”
Design thinking refers to creative strategies designers use during the process of designing.  Design thinking is also an approach that can be used to address issues of a more broadly defined nature, and more broadly within professional design practice and has been applied in business as well as social issues.  Design thinking in business uses the designer’s sensibility and methods to match people’s needs with what is technologically feasible and what is a viable business strategy.  Continue Reading “Design thinking”
Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints , engineering drawings , business processes , circuit diagrams , and sewing patterns ).  Design has different connotations in different fields (see design disciplines below). In some cases, the direct construction of an object (as in pottery , engineering , management , coding , and graphic designis also considered to use design thinking. Continue Reading “Design”
Curiosity (from Latin cūriōsitās , from cūriōsus “careful, diligent , curious”, akin to cura “care”) is a quality related to inquisitive thinking such as exploration , investigation, and learning , evident by observation in humans and other animals .   Curiosity is strongly associated with all aspects of human development, in which the process of learning and desire to acquire knowledge and skill.  Continue Reading “Curiosity”
The concept of a link between creativity and mental illness has been extensively discussed by psychologists and other researchers. Parallels can be drawn to connect to major mental disorders including: bipolar disorder , schizophrenia , major depressive disorder , anxiety disorder , and ADHD . For example, many studies have shown correlations between creative occupations and people living with mental illness. There are cases that support the idea that mental illness can help in creativity, but it is also agreed that mental illness does not exist for creativity. Continue Reading “Creativity and mental illness”
Creative writing is any writing that goes beyond the bounds of normal professional , journalistic , academic , or technical forms of literature, characterization by characterization, and the use of literary tropes with various traditions of poetry and poetics . Due to the looseness of the definition, it is possible to write such a feature , but even if they fall under journalism, because the content of these features is fully focused on narrative and character development. Both fictional andnon-fictional works fall into this category, including such forms as novels , biographies , short stories , and poems . In the academic setting, creative writing is Typically separated into fiction and poetry classes with a focus is writing in an original style, as Opposed to imitating pre-existing genres Such As crime or horror . Writing for the screen and stage- screenwriting and playwrighting -are often taught separately. Continue Reading “Creative writing”
Creative Writers and Day-Dreaming ( German : Der Dichter und das Phantasieren ), was an informal talk given in 1907 by Sigmund Freud , and subsequently published in 1908, on the relationship between unconscious phantasyand creative art. Continue Reading “Creative Writers and Day-Dreaming”
A creative work is a manifestation of creative effort including fine artwork ( sculpture , painting , drawing , sketching , performance art ), dance, writing ( literature ), filmmaking , and musical composition . Continue Reading “Creative work”
Creative services are a subsector of the creative industries , apart of the economy by Offering That Creates Wealth creativity for hire to other businesses. Creative Services also means creative, creative, and productive. It is often a sub-department of the Marketing organization. Examples include: Continue Reading “Creative services”
Creative problem-solving is the mental process of searching for an original and previously unknown solution to a problem. To qualify, the solution must be novel and independently.  Continue Reading “Creative problem-solving”
Creative limitation is the concept of how to purposely limit oneself can actually drive creativity. At a 2013 TED conference , artist Phil Hansen made several remarks about the value of limitations, among them that “We need to be limited in the future,” and “If you treat the problems as possibilities, life will start to dance” with you in the most amazing ways. ” [TED.com 1] Continue Reading “Creative limitation”
The creative industry in Brazil refers to various economic sectors of Brazil that depend on the talents and creativity to develop.  In other words, it is about generating wealth for the region through knowledge , culture and creativity, in order to contribute to sustainable development (environmental, economic and social).  The term ‘ creative industries ‘ was coined by the United Kingdom in 1990 and in 2001 by John Howkins, which gives it an entrepreneurial vision when focusing on the transformation of creativity in product; [note 1] and another one by professor Richard Florida , who focuses on the creative process in the creative processes of production, addressing the social aspects and the “potential contribution to the development” of the ” creative class “. The first study of international coverage only emerged in 2008 – conducted by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) – the same year it was published another study on the subject, only fully about Brazil.  Continue Reading “Creative industry in Brazil”
The creative industries refers to a range of economic activities which are concerned with the generation or exploitation of knowledge and information. They are variously also referred to as cultural industries (especially in Europe ( Hesmondhalgh 2002 : 14) or the creative economy ( Howkins 2001 ), and most recently they have denominated the Orange Economy in Latin America and the Caribbean ( Buitrago & Duque 2013 ). Continue Reading “Creative industries”