Creative problem-solving is the mental process of searching for an original and previously unknown solution to a problem. To qualify, the solution must be novel and independently. 
Creative solution types
The process of creative problem-solving usually begins with defining the problem. This may be a simple non-creative solution, a textbook solution, or a discovery solution developed by other individuals. If the solution is sufficient, the process may then be abandoned   .
A creative solution will have a number of features that include the existing components, or the problematic factor, as the basis for the solution. However, a change of perspective may be helpful.  A solution may also be considered to be able to solve the problem within a short time limit  (factors typical to the solutions employed by the title character in the MacGyver television series ).
If a creative solution has broad application – that is, it is beyond the original intent – it can be referred to as an innovative solution, or an innovation (some innovations may also be considered an invention ).
“All innovations [begin] as creative solutions, but not all creative solutions become innovations.” - Richard Fobes
Techniques and tools
Many techniques and tools are used for creating effective solutions to a problem in the technical and problem solving .
Creative problem-solving technical categories
- Mental state shift and cognitive re-framing : Changing one’s focus away from active problem-solving and towards a creative solution set.
- Multiple facilitation idea : Increasing the quantity of fresh ideas based on the belief that a greater number of ideas will increase the chances that one of these is valuable. This may include a randomly selecting an idea (such as choosing a word from a list) and thinking about its similarities to the situation. In turn, this random act may inspire a related idea that would lead to a solution.
- Inducing a change of perspective : Efficiently entering a fresh perspective may result in a solution that becomes obvious. This is especially useful for solving particularly challenging problems.  Many techniques to this end involve identifying independent dimensions that differentiate closely associated concepts.  Differentiating concepts helps to overcome the problem of oversimplified associative thinking, in which two related concepts are so closely associated that their differences are overlooked. 
- Collective problem solving
- Lateral thinking
- Problem structuring methods
- Systems thinking
- List of thought processes
- List of cognitive biases
- List of creative thought processes
- List of decision-making processes
- List of emotional intelligence topics
- List of emerging technologies
- List of counseling topics
- Jump up^ Michigan State University. “Creative problem solving for teachers” . [ permanent dead link ]
- Jump up^ Definition of creative problem solvingis Alex Osborn’s (inventor of the term and process ofbrainstorming) Creative Education Foundation website.
- Jump up^ Problem definition [ permanent link dead ] in presentation is creative problem-solving, on theUniversity of Arizonawebsite
- Jump up^ Mike Vence about the 9 dots as a corporate promotion of creative thinkingat theWalt Disney Company(Creative Thinking Association website)
- Jump up^ About creative problem solvingin an invitation to a conference by theUniversity of South Alabama
- ^ Jump up to:a b c d Fobes, Richard (1993). The Creative Problem Solver’s Toolbox: A Complete Course in the Art of Creating Solutions to Problems of Any Kind . ISBN 0-9632221-0-4 .