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Creative writing

Creative writing

Creative writing is any writing that goes beyond the bounds of normal professional , journalistic , academic , or technical forms of literature, characterization by characterization, and the use of literary tropes with various traditions of poetry and poetics . Due to the looseness of the definition, it is possible to write such a feature , but even if they fall under journalism, because the content of these features is fully focused on narrative and character development. Both fictional andnon-fictional works fall into this category, including such forms as novels , biographies , short stories , and poems . In the academic setting, creative writing is Typically separated into fiction and poetry classes with a focus is writing in an original style, as Opposed to imitating pre-existing genres Such As crime or horror . Writing for the screen and stage- screenwriting and playwrighting -are often taught separately.

Creative writing can be considered for any writing of original composition . In this sense, creative writing is a more contemporary and process-oriented name for what has been traditionally called literature , including the variety of its genres . In her work, Foundations of Creativity , Mary Lee Marksberry references Paul Witty and Lou LaBrant’s Teaching the People’s Language to define creative writing. Marksberry notes:

Witty and LaBrant … [say creative writing] is a composition of any type of writing at any time primarily in the service of such needs

  1. the need for keeping records of significant experience,
  2. the need for sharing experience
  3. the need for free individual expression which contributes to mental and physical health. [1]

In academia

Unlike its academic counterpart of writing classes that teaches students to compose their work based on the rules of the language , self-expression. [2] While creative writing as an educational subject is available at Often Some courses, if not Throughout, K-12 education , Perhaps The Most refined form of creative writing as an educational focus is in universities . Following a reworking of university education in the post-war era, creative writing has progressively gained prominence in the university setting. In the UK, the first formal creative program has been established as a Master of Arts degree at theUniversity of East Anglia in 1970 [3] by the novelists Malcolm Bradbury and Angus Wilson . With the beginning of formal creative writing programs:

Programs of study

Creative Writing programs are usually available at the level of high school and university. Traditionally these programs are associated with the English departments in the respective schools, but this notion has been challenged in their own departments. Most Creative Writing degrees for undergraduates in college are Bachelor of Fine Arts degrees (BFA). citation needed ] Some continuing to pursue a Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing, the terminal degree in the field. At one time rare, PhD. programs are becoming more prevalent in the field, as more writers attempt to bridge the gap between academic study and artistic pursuit.

Creative writers typically decide to focus on either fiction or poetry, and they usually start with short stories or simple poems. citation needed ] They then make a schedule based on this emphasis on literature classes, education classes and workshops classes to strengthen their skills and techniques. Though they have their own programs of study in the fields of film and theater , screenwritingand playwriting have become more popular in creative writing programs, as well as writing programs with programs and programs. Creative writing students are encouraged to get involved in extracurricular writing-based activities, such as publishing clubs, school-based literary magazines or newspapers, writing contests, writing colonies or conventions, and extended education classes.

Creative writing also takes place outside of formal university or school institutions. For example, writer Dave Eggers set up the innovative 826 Valencia in San Francisco , where young people write with professional writers. In the UK, the Arvon Foundation runs week-long residential creative writing courses in four historic houses. In New Zealand , creative writing courses at NZIBS are popular because they are home-study (worldwide) to diploma level. In 2015 an extra service was added at NZIBS to create creative writers getting help putting their stories on Amazon.com . Thus, earning royalties can become an outcome of the study program. citation needed]

In the classroom

Creative writing is usually taught in a workshop format rather than seminar style. In workshops students usually submit original work for peer reviews. Students also write a format through the process of writing and re-writing. Some courses teaches the reader to exploit or access latent creativity or more technical issues such as editing , structural techniques , genres , random idea generating or unblocking writer’s block . Some Noted authors , Such As Michael Chabon , Kazuo Ishiguro , Kevin Brockmeier , Ian McEwan ,Karl Kirchwey , [5] Rose Tremain and reputed screenwriters, such as David Benioff , Darren Star and Peter Farrelly , have graduated from university creative writing programs.

Controversy in academia

Creative writing is considered by some academics (mostly in the USA) to be an extension of the English discipline, even though it is taught around the world in many languages. The English discipline is traditionally seen as the critical study of literary forms, not the creation of literary forms. Some academics see creative writing as a challenge to this tradition. In the UK and Australia, the author of a paper written in the United States and the rest of the world, is considered to be a discipline in its own right, not an offshoot of any other discipline.

Those who support the creative writing programs or the discipline of the discipline, argue for the academic value of the creative writing experience. They argue that they are creative and able to express their views in order to be able to express their views in order to be able to communicate with others. These critical analysis skills are further used in other literary studies outside the creative writing sphere. Indeed, the process of creative writing, the crafting of a thought-out and original piece, is considered by some to be experienced in creative problem solving .

Despite the large number of academic creative writing programs throughout the world, many people argue that creative writing can not be taught. Louis Menand explores the issue in an article for the New Yorker in which he quotes Kay Boyle , the director of the creative writing program at San Francisco State for sixteen years, who said, “all creative-writing programs should be abolished by law.” [7] Contemporary discussions of creative writing at the university level vary widely; Some people value MFA programs and look them with great respect, many MFA candidates and hopefuls lament their chosen programs.


  • Action
  • Character
  • Conflict
  • Dialogue
  • Kind
  • Narration
  • Pace
  • Plot
  • Point of View
  • Scene
  • Setting
  • Style
  • suspension
  • Theme and Motif
  • Tone
  • Voice

Forms and genres of literature

  • Autobiography / Memoir
  • Creative non-fiction (Personal & Journalistic Essays)
  • Children’s books
  • Drama
  • epic
  • Flash fiction
  • Graphic Novels / Comics
  • Novel
  • Novella
  • Play (theater)
  • Poetry
  • Screenplay
  • Short story

See also

  • Asemic writing
  • Author
  • Book report
  • Clarion Workshop
  • Collaborative writing
  • Creativity
  • Electronic literature
  • Expository writing
  • Fan fiction
  • Fiction writing
  • High School for Writing and Communication Arts (in New York City)
  • Iowa Writers’ Workshop
  • Literature
  • Show, do not tell
  • songwriting
  • Stream of consciousness (narrative mode)
  • Writer’s block
  • Writing
  • Writing circle
  • Writing process
  • Writing style
  • Writing Workshop

Further reading

  • Brewer, RL (ed.). 2014 Writer’s Market . Cincinnati : Writer’s Digest Books , 2013.
  • Cox, M. “A Dictionary of Writers and Their Works.” Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2010.
  • Everett, Nick. 2005. “Creative Writing and English.” The Cambridge Quarterly . 34 (3): 231-242.
  • Fenza, D. “The AWP Official Guide To Writing Programs”. Fairfax, Va : Association of Writers & Writing Programs , 2004.
  • McGurl, Mark . The Era Program: Postwar Fiction and the Rise of Creative Writing ( Harvard University Press , 2009). [8]
  • Myers, DG The Elephants Teach: Creative Writing since 1880. Chicago : University of Chicago Press , 2006.
  • Palmer, AJ “Writing and Imagery – How to Deepen Your Creativity and Improve Your Writing.” [Aber Books] 2010. Republished as Writing and Imagery – How to Avoid Writer ‘s Block (How to Become an Author) . [Aber Books 2013]
  • Roy, Pinaki. “Reflections on the Art of Producing Travelogues”. Images of Life: Creative and Other Forms of Writing (Mullick, S.), Kolkata : The Book World, 2014 ( ISBN  978-93-81231-03-6 ), pp. 111-29.


  1. Jump up^ Marksberry, Mary Lee. Foundation of Creativity. Harper’s Series on Teaching. (New York, London: Harper & Row, 1963), 39.
  2. Jump up^ Johnson, Burges andSyracuse University. “Creative Writing”, 3.
  3. Jump up^ https://www.uea.ac.uk/literature/creative-writing
  4. Jump up^ Engle, Paul. “The Writer and the Place.” InA Community of Writers: Paul Engle and the Iowa Writers’ Workshop,edited by Robert Dana, 2 (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1999).
  5. Jump up^ JOHN SWANSBURG (April 29, 2001). “At Yale, Lessons in Writing and Life” . The New York Times . Retrieved 2010-10-15 . Karl Kirchwey, who graduated from Yale in 1979, recently became the director of creative writing at Bryn Mawr College, after having run the Unterberg Poetry Center at 92nd Street Y for over a decade.
  6. Jump up^ Engle, Paul. “The Writer and the Place,” 3.
  7. Jump up^ “Show or Tell – Should Creative Writing be Taught?” by Louis Menand – The New Yorker, June 8, 2009,Newyorker.com
  8. Jump up^ The Era Program: Postwar Fiction and the Rise of Creative WritingfromHarvard University Press