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List of art media

List of art media

Art media is the material used by an artist , composer or designer to create a work of art . This is a list of types of art and the materials used in these types.


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  • 1Architecture
  • 2Carpentry
  • 3Ceramics
  • 4Drawing
    • 4.1Traditional drawing media
    • 4.2Indigenous materials for painting
    • 4.3Traditional supports for drawing
  • 5Electronic
  • 6Movie
  • 7Food
  • 8Graphic narrative
  • 9Glass
  • 10Light
  • 11Literature
    • 11.1Traditional writing mediums
    • 11.2Traditional bases for writing
  • 12Natural world
  • 13Painting
    • 13.1Traditional paint media
    • 13.2Supports for painting
    • 13.3Traditional tools and methods
    • 13.4Technical Walls
  • 14Performing arts
  • 15Photography
  • 16Printmaking
  • 17Sculpture
    • 17.1Materials
      • 17.1.1Carving media
      • 17.1.2Casting Media
      • 17.1.3Modeling Media
      • 17.1.4Assembled Media
      • 17.1.5Finishing materials
    • 17.2Tools
  • 18Sound
  • 19Technical products
  • 20Textiles
  • 21See also
  • 22References
  • 23External links


Main articles: Outline of Architecture and Building Material

In the art and science of architecture , the design and construction of buildings and interiors , infrastructure and other physical structures are created. It can involve multiple disciplines of brickwork , carpentry , engineering , stonemasonry and many other skills.

  • Cement , concrete and mortar
  • Cob
  • Glass
  • Metal
  • Stone , brick
  • Wood


Further information: List of woods

The art of carpentry and woodworking is a skilled and professional craftsperson or joiner , who designs and builds buildings , furniture and other objects.

  • Adhesives
  • Wood ( timber )


Main article: Ceramic art

A ceramic material is Worked by hand and with tools That might be colored or glazed , Then fired in a kiln and hardened by heat, to make earthenware , stoneware , sculpture and mosaic art.

  • Bone china
  • Clay
  • Glaze
  • Porcelain
  • Pottery
  • Terracotta


Main article: Outline of drawing and drawings

In drawing , “media” refers to the material that is manually applied and to which it is applied. [1] The media can be applied to a method of application with a point (not a brush) that transfers particles of media to the base. The point of the stick can be as minute as it can be wide.

The most commonly practiced form of drawing or sketching is with a pencil and paper , however the wide and varied use of applied materials can be graphite , charcoal , pastel , and inkamong other things. Bases can be paper, plaster , canvas , wood, or anything else that accepts the medium applied from the point of the stick.

Traditional drawing media

  • Acrylic paint
  • Airbrush
  • Chalk
  • Charcoal (soft or hard)
  • Colored pencil
  • Tale
  • Pencil
  • Gouache
  • Graphite (can be pencils which are small or large sticks similar to charcoal)
  • Human finger (with ink or paint )
  • Marker
  • Oil paint
  • Pastel
  • Pen and ink
    • Ballpoint pen
    • Fountain pen
    • Gel pen
    • Marker pen
    • Technical pen
  • Pencil
  • Sand
  • tempera
  • Watercolor

Indigenous materials for painting

  • Human Hair and Blood
  • Solar from sun
  • Garlic
  • Rust
  • Coffee
  • Onion
  • Coconut Juice (Tuba)
  • Mud
  • Black palm
  • Tomato
  • Soy sauce
  • Staple Wire

The 20th Century was the century in which the Indigenous Art Movement ( Indigenouism ) appeared.

Traditional supports for drawing

  • Canvas
  • Card stock
  • Fabric (with fabric pens)
  • Glass
  • Human body (typically for tattoos )
  • Metal
  • Paper
  • Plaster
  • scratchboard
  • Vellum
  • Walls (typically for murals )
  • Wood


Main articles: Electronic art , Digital art , and Electronic media

In contrast to traditional art media, electronic media art are tools and materials Such As computers and electronic media to Produce electronic art Either for electrical display or printing .

There are various applications such as Photoshop , Illustrator , Painter , and Maya . These Are Reviews some of the programs That artists use to modify pictures , create new digital illustrations , gold model 3D objects and turn ’em into full body animations. These electronic programs provide artists with added control, that is unlike traditional and physical crafted materials. This allows for instant alterations to modify, add or undo , and delete any actions made, at any time when creating a work.

Digital artists achieve a level of industry and production quality in marketing advertisements , on magazines , and special effects in animated or live action movies . There are also technical illustrations and visualization graphicswhich are made reconfigurable and scalable, with a high level of precise detail. Electronic media allows for interactive and virtualized in ways not possible with traditional media.

Here are some examples of electronic forms that mirror traditional methods:

  • Graphic art software for illustration and animation
  • 3D computer graphics for sculpture and 3D animation or virtual reality
  • Word processors and desktop publishing software for writing and page layout
  • Digital photography and digital cinematography for the capturing of photographs and footage
  • Specialized input devices (eg variable pressure sensors and touchscreens ) to bridge the gap between traditional techniques and digital painting
  • Digital printing to the streamline printing process
  • Programming to add interactivity and automated or computer simulation functions to the art


Main articles: Outline of movie and cinematic techniques

In cinematography and film , a sequence of still images is captured with a film camera or digital video camera . A series of individual images are called frames . When these images are shown in rapid succession, a viewer gains the displayed illusion that motion is occurring.

  • Animation
  • Computer animation and computer-generated imagery
  • Experimental movie
  • Live action
  • Live action and animation
  • Stop motion
  • Structural film
  • Video art and its subsets single-channel video and video installation


Main article: Culinary art

In the cooking and baking industries, culinary art media include a chef’s tools and equipment, Including ovens, stoves, grills, and Griddles. Specialty equipment May be used in kitchens across the world, Including salamanders , French tops , woks, tandoors , and burners induction . Prepared dishes serve as a visual art for the consumer, an olfactory art with different aromas resonating from the food, and occasionally an auditory art (eg with tandoor-cooked or crunchy foods). The texture and taste , including the layers of complimenting flavors, From bitter to sweet or sour in a dish, aussi serve to affect the consumer’s appreciation of the finished product.

Graphic narrative

Main article: Graphic narrative

Graphic Narrative is an art form Deployed That uses pictures in sequence for graphic storytelling gold to Convey information. [2] The best-known example of sequential art is comics , Especially comic books and comic strips , has qui are printed arrangement of art and speech balloons .


The transparent and decorative art of glass making by hand Was in recent history has Relatively common skill, whereas today it is a scarcely Practiced Specialized skill. To handle the brittle liquid state to the brittle hardened finish, makes using a precarious glass and fragile material to work with. Glassblowing , coloring and marking methods are widely used in glass and glass, from glass or stained glass , to all kinds of glassware .


Further information: Lighting designer

The illumination of light as a visibly revealing what may be shaded in the dark is common. Light as an art form is a function of art works and entertainment, it is a source projection and a backlighting source, for colors, focal or focus points and can be an element to enhance or change atmosphere or mood in areas or objects.


Main articles: Literature and Writing implement

The art of written words and typography is traditionally an ink and printed form is paper , gold is creatively written with Many forms of mediums.

Traditional writing mediums

  • Digital word processor and internet websites
  • Letterpress printing and computer printing
  • Marker
  • Nib (pen)
  • Pen and ink
  • Pencil
  • Quill

Traditional bases for writing

  • Card stock
  • Paper
  • Ruled paper
  • Vellum

Natural world

Main articles: Gardening and Landscape architecture

In the natural world large scale creative works can involve horticulture for the cultivation of plants, earthworks for landscaping and irrigation or rainwater harvesting for water features , gardens , parks and botanical gardens.

  • Floral design
  • Rock
  • Soil
  • Vegetation
  • Water


Main article: Outline of painting

In painting , “media” refers to both the type of paint used and the base (or ground) to which it is applied. A paint ‘s medium refers to what is a paint’ s pigment ( colors ), and is also called a “vehicle”, “base” or binder. A painter can mix a medium with solvents , pigments , and other substances in order to make paint, and control consistency.

Traditional paint media

  • Acrylic paint
  • Blacklight paint
  • Encaustic paint
  • Fresco
  • gesso
  • Glaze
  • Gouache
  • Ink
  • Latex paint
  • Magna paint
  • Oil paint
  • Primer
  • Stencil
  • Ink wash (sumi-e)
  • Tempera or poster paint
  • Vinyl paint (toxic / poisonous)
  • Vitreous enamel
  • Watercolor

Supports for painting

  • Architectural structures
  • Canvas
  • Ceramics
  • Cloth
  • Glass
  • Human body (typically for tattoos )
  • Metal
  • Paper
  • Carton
  • Vellum
  • Wall
  • Wood

Traditional tools and methods

  • Action painting
  • Aerosol paint
  • Airbrush
  • Batik
  • Brush
  • Cloth
  • Paint roller gold paint pad
  • Palette knife
  • Sponge
  • Stick

Technical Walls

Muralists use many of the same media as panel painters , but the scale of their works, uses different techniques. Some such techniques include:

  • Aerosol paint
  • Digital painting
  • Fresco
  • Image projector
  • Mosaic
  • Pounce art

Performing arts

Main articles: Performing arts and Performance art

The performing arts is a form of entertainment that is created by the artist’s own body , face and presence as a medium. There are many skills and genres of performance , dance , theater and re-enactment being examples. Performance art is a performance that can not present a formal formal linear narrative .


Main article: Outline of photography

In photography a photosensitive surface is used to capture an optical still image, usually using a lens to focus light . Some media include:

  • Digital image sensor
  • Photographic film
  • Potassium dichromate
  • Potassium Ferricyanide and Ferric Ammonium Citrate
  • Silver nitrate


In the art of printmaking , “media” tends to refer to the technique used to create a print. Common media include:

  • aquatint
  • Computer printing
    • Dye-sublimation printer
    • Inkjet printer (sometimes called giclée printing)
    • Laser printer
    • Solid ink printer
    • Thermal printer
  • Embossing
  • engraving
  • Etching
  • Intaglio (printmaking)
  • Letterpress (literature)
  • linocut
  • Lithography
  • mezzotint
  • Moku hanga
  • Monotype
  • Offset printing
  • Photographic printing
  • Planographic printing
  • Printing press
  • Relief printing
    • linocut
    • Metalcut
    • Relief etching
    • Wood engraving
    • woodcut
  • Screen-printing
  • Woodblock printing


Main article: Outline of sculpture

In sculpting , a solid structure and textured surface is formed or combined using substances and components, to form a three-dimensional object. The size of a sculptured work can be built very big and Could Be regarded as architecture , ALTHOUGH more Commonly a wide statue or bust , and can be crafted very small and intricate as jewelery , ornaments and decorative reliefs .


Carving media

  • Bone carving
  • Bronze
  • Gemstones
  • Glass
  • granite
  • Ice
  • Ivory
  • Marble
  • Plaster
  • Stone
  • Wax
  • Wood

Casting Media

  • Cement
  • Ceramics
  • Metal
  • Plaster
  • plastic explosive
  • Synthetic resin
  • Wax

Modeling Media

  • Clay
  • Paper mache
  • Plaster
  • Sand
  • Styrofoam

Assembled Media

  • Beads
  • Corrugated fiberboard (cardboard)
  • Edible material
  • Foil
  • Found objects
  • Glue and other adhesives
  • Carton
  • Textile
  • Wire
  • Wood

Finishing materials

  • Acids to create a patina ( corrosive )
  • Glaze
  • Polychrome
  • Wax


  • Bristle brush
  • Chisel and hammer (modern pneumatic )
  • Clamp or aims
  • Hammer gold mallet (modern pneumatic)
  • Kiln for heating ceramics and metals
  • Knife
  • Pliers
  • Potter’s wheel
  • Power tools
  • Sandpaper
  • Saw
  • Scraper
  • snips
  • Welding and cutting torch
  • Wirecutter


Main articles: List of musical instruments and Music theory

The art of sound can be singular or a combination of speech or objects and crafted instruments , to create sounds, rhythms and music for a range of sonic hearing purposes. See also music and sound art .

Technical products

Further information: Industrial design , Product design , and Engineering

The use of technical products have medium is an art merging of applied art and science , That May Involve aesthetics , efficiency and ergonomics using various materials.


In the art of textile is soft and flexible material of fiber or yarn is FORMED by spinning wool , flax , cotton , or other material was spinning wheel and crocheting , knitting , macramé ( knotting ), weaving , gold pressing together fibers ( felt ) to create a work.

See also

  • collage
  • Conceptual art
  • Decorative arts
  • Design tool
  • Fashion design
  • Fine art
  • Fire performance
  • Fresco
  • Graffiti
  • Graphic Arts
  • Liberal arts
  • List of pen types, brands and companies
  • Mixed media
  • Multimedia
  • New materials in 20th-century art
  • Plastic arts
  • Publishing
  • Pyrotechnics
  • Recording medium
  • Stationery
  • Video game art


  1. Jump up^ Mayer, Ralph. The Artist’s Handbook of Materials and Techniques , Viking, 1940,ISBN 978-0670837014
  2. Jump up^ Eisner Will,Graphic Storytelling and Visual Narrative, Poorhouse Press, 2001 (1st ed .: 1996), p. 6.